Tag: raycast

Change Color on Raycast Hit

Change Color on Raycast Hit

In the process of developing the RB controller, one of the functions I wanted to incorporate was highlighting objects when hit by the raycast. This has been on the dev list for some time, so this basic prototype is well overdue.

The starting point for this functionality is this forum post:


This functionality has been highlighted in a previous post about the Pick Up and Throw functionality, but one bug in the setup was related to the colors ‘sticking’ and not reverting to their original state:

Tangled up in blue – previously selected objects not reverting to their original color

Turns out the reason for this unwanted behaviour was attaching the function to the main player manager and trying to read and store color values on a case by case basis.

By moving the script on to the object itself and allowing that to check for raycast hits, the ‘sticky color’ problem has been resolved while simultaneously streamlining my logic:

  • Each ‘interactable’ object can now have bespoke color values even though they all share the same class
  • No need to compare tags as the interaction is calculated by the object
Testing color change on hit using multiple objects and colors

Heres the related code snippet in the object class – only called if the object is hit:

    public Color defaultColor;
    public Color highlightColor;
    public Transform previousObject = null;
    new Renderer renderer;

//Get the renderer component on this object:
renderer = GetComponent<Renderer>();

//is raycast hitting THIS object?
        if (playerManager.rayCastHit == this.transform)
            //Check if this hit is the same as the stored hit:
            if (previousObject != this.transform)
                //store hit object:
                previousObject = this.transform;

                //change hit object color:
                renderer.material.color = highlightColor;

        //if no raycast hit:
            //Reset hit object material
            renderer.material.color = defaultColor;

            //Clear reference
            previousObject = null;

This basic functionality can now be extended to use a better highlighting effect by utilising Unity’s Shader Graph to produce an edge glow effect. This effect will target the material (not just the color) and offer better representation of selected objects.

I will also post about changing the Interactable Object class to a Scriptable Object that should allow these objects to be instantiated with custom data including materials/textures and bespoke UI messages/information.

Rigidbody Based Pick Up and Throw

Rigidbody Based Pick Up and Throw

As the Rigidbody version of the Player continues to develop (full functionality breakdown to follow) the concept of being able to pick up and throw interactable objects now has some solutions.

(Its also worth noting here that the prototype illustrated also has a change color on raycast hit function that I’ll cover elsewhere.)

This added functionality has been on the dev list for a while so its good to get a working prototype up and running.

Development and Code

The basic pseudo code looks something like this:

if isInteracting && !isHoldingObject
check the raycast hit object is Interactable
move the object to the player

isHoldingObject = true
toggle isInteracting

if IsInteracting && isHoldingObject
AddForce to rigidbody based on PlayerCamera transform

isHoldingObject = false
toggle isInteracting

That seems simple enough but I quickly ran into issues specifically around getting more used to handling rigidbodies in FixedUpdate().

This answer on Unity forum was a great help:

But before the specifics, one obvious issue with my pseudo code was the move function would put the selected object on top the player – so firstly I needed to set up an offset that would also act as a target to which any selected object could be moved.

Easiest way to do that was to create an Empty +10u on player.z

  • Player hand is the target for any selected objects
  • Its a child of the player camera in order to inherit position and rotation that equates to the ‘look’ direction/rotation of the player. Used to set throw direction.
  • has Trigger that detects when the selected object has reached the ‘hold’ position
  • Layer is set to ‘Ignore Raycast’ (a built in Layer in Unity) that allows the raycast from the player to ignore this object
  • Attached script is used for OntriggerEnter mointoring

Once this was set up I was able to set up and work on the PickAndThrow script attached directly to the Player Object. After a few days of some serious wrestling with this script, below is a working prototype with plenty of commentary that explains the process step by step:

public class PickUpandThrow_PlayerRB : MonoBehaviour
   //Get references.....

    private void Start()
        input = GetComponent<InputManager>();
        playerManager = GetComponent<PlayerManager>();
        cam = GetComponentInChildren<Camera>();
        audioSource = GetComponentInChildren<AudioSource>();

        playerHand = GameObject.Find("PlayerHand").transform;
        playerHand_CollisionDetector =

    private void FixedUpdate()
        //Check player hand object for collision with hit RB:
        hitObjectIsAtHand = playerHand_CollisionDetector.hitInteractable;

        if (input.isInteracting && !isHoldingObject)
            //we can pick up the object if we can see it:
            if (playerManager.rayCastHit != null
                && playerManager.rayCastHit.CompareTag("Interactable"))
                //set the RB of target object received from the raycast
                //in PlayerManager:
                hitObjectRigidBody =

                //toggle interact button
                input.isInteracting = false;

                //we are now holding the object
                isHoldingObject = true;

                //play audio pick up FX:
                //This clip needs to be adjusted based on difference between
                //hand and object (* pitch)

        //Pick up the object
        if (isHoldingObject && !hitObjectIsAtHand)
            //make isKinematic to cancel physics interactions:
            hitObjectRigidBody.isKinematic = true;

            //correct orientation ready for throwing

            //move towards player hand
                pickUpSpeed * Time.fixedDeltaTime));

        if (isHoldingObject && hitObjectIsAtHand)
            //if object has reached player hand, disable its movement
            //by 'teleporting' it into position. 

        if (input.isInteracting && isHoldingObject)
            //at this point the object is being thrown so re-enable
            //all physics properties by setting isKinematic = false:
            hitObjectRigidBody.isKinematic = false;

            //Fire the object away (forward)
            //Add force relative to camera in order to take account
            //of rotation.x ('look up')
                (cam.transform.forward * throwSpeedForward)
                + (cam.transform.up * throwSpeedUp), ForceMode.Impulse);

            //we are no longer holding the object
            isHoldingObject = false;

            //toggle interact button
            input.isInteracting = false;


One of the main issues here was getting the selected object to Move to the PlayerHand position. Thsi was a lack of understanding of how MovePosition) works – If the rigidbody has isKinematic set to false, RB.MovePosition works like transform.position=newPosition and ‘teleports’ the object to the new position, rather than performing a smooth transition over FixedTime.

The other referenced script of interest here is the PlayerHandCollisionDetector attached (quite logically) to the PlayerHand:

public class PlayerHand_CollisionDetector : MonoBehaviour
    PickUpandThrow_PlayerRB pickUpandThrow;
    public bool hitInteractable;

    public void Start()
        //Get the RB from pickUpAndThrow NOT playerManager!!!!
        pickUpandThrow = FindObjectOfType<PickUpandThrow_PlayerRB>();

    private void OnTriggerEnter(Collider collider)
        if (pickUpandThrow.hitObjectRigidBody != null)
            //Check if the incoming collider is the SAME as the stored
            //rigidbody from pickUpandThrow - the RB is constant as its
            //NOT being updated by the raycast.

            //This comparison will avoid false reading from the bool that arose
            //from using the rayCastHit object from playerManager
            if (collider.transform == pickUpandThrow.hitObjectRigidBody.transform)
                //toggle the hit  - BECAUSE THIS IS A TRIGGER!!!!!
                hitInteractable = !hitInteractable;

Its easily seen some of the issues I had here! Just making the point that the rigidbody we need to compare is derived from the PickUpandThrow class as the reference there is stable. As opposed to getting the reference from the PlayerManager where the reference is being updated by the raycast.

Summing up

While this setup is functional enough there are some issues that need to be ironed out:

Kinematic Objects don’t care about your colliders!!!
  • selected object can move through other colliders when being ‘carried’ by the player. This due to rigidbody.isKinematic set to true on selection. A solution that comes to mind is to create another empty child of the Player with a box collider that dynamically scales to cover the area of Player + Object. This collider can be activated when hitObjectIsAtHand ?
  • thrown objects sometimes go in unexpected/inaccurate directions. This is due to the AddForce function of the rigiidbody being calculated using cam.transformDirection * a hard coded value, instead of calculating the up value based on camera.rotation.x
  • the standalone nature of this element of the player will be addressed by refactoring and using it as a called method from PlayerManger. In this way, PlayerManager makes conditional calls to other classes which ‘should’ help with efficiency.